(非洲知识产权组织商标注册)风火—非洲地区知识产权组织商标注册的概要和审查_知乎_

  一、概要

  非洲地区知识产权组织(African Regional Intellectual Property Organization,简称ARIPO)的历史应当追溯到七十年代初期非洲英语国家在内罗毕召开的关于专利和版权的地区研讨会,该研讨会建议成立一个地区性的工业财产组织。1973年,联合国非洲经济委员会(UNECA)和世界知识产权组织(WIPO)对这些非洲英语国家提出的请求作出回应,支持他们对工业产权领域的资源予以整合。经在UNECA总部亚的斯亚贝巴和WIPO总部日内瓦的一系列会议后,形成了《创建非洲英语国家工业产权组织的协议》草案。

ARIPO成立的主要目的在于整合成员国在工业产权方面的资源以避免人力和财力资源的重复。因此,卢萨卡协议的前言中明确声明,成员国“意识到有效和持续的信息交换以及在工业产权法律和活动方面的协调和协作中获得的益处”。成员国同时认识到“创建非洲地区工业产权组织以在工业产权方面进行研究、提高和合作将最好地实现”这一目的。

  非洲地区知识产权组织有博茨瓦纳,冈比亚,加纳,肯尼亚,莱索托,马拉维,莫桑比克,纳米比亚,塞拉利昂,索马里,苏丹,斯威士兰,坦桑尼亚,乌干达,赞比亚和津巴布韦等共16个会员国。但是目前可通过ARIPO申请商标的国家有博茨瓦纳,莱索托,马拉维,纳米比亚,斯威士兰,坦桑尼亚,乌干达,津巴布韦、利比里亚等9个国家。如果商标申请在某一个指定国家被驳回,商标仍然可以在其他未被驳回的国家注册。

  非洲地区知识产权组织的总部设在津巴布韦的首都哈拉雷。采用1957年6月15日修改的尼斯分类法。

  二、审查

  收到注册申请后,官方首先对该申请的形式进行审查。如果商标注册申请形式不符合要求,审查员将通知申请人限期补正,如果申请人无法对申请完成限期补正,该申请将被视为未提出。形式审查通过后,ARIPO总部将把该注册申请发送到申请指定的国家,并要求该国家限期内对该申请进行审查并把结果通报给ARIPO总部。指定国对商标的审查结果是正面的,或者是指定国无法在ARIPO总部规定的期限内给出审查结果,商标将被视为合法并予以注册并公告在官方商标公报上。指定国审查员可以在ARIPO总部规定的12个月的审查期限内与申请人进行书面沟通,如果申请人收到官方的驳回通知书,需在规定的3个月内作出答辩。申请人可以根据情况对审查员的驳回向上诉委员会提出上诉。

商标注册有效期为自申请日期起10年,续展有效期也是10年。申请人可在自商标届满1年前提交续展申请,续展宽展期为6个月。对注册商标连续5年不使用将有可能导致撤销。

1. Summary

The history of the African Regional Intellectual Property Organization ( ARIPO ) should be traced back to the regional seminar on patents and copyrights held by African English-speaking countries in Nairobi in the early 1970s, which recommended the establishment of a regional industrial property organization. In 1973, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa ( UNECA ) and the World Intellectual Property Organization ( WIPO ) responded to requests from these English-speaking African countries to support their integration of resources in the area of industrial property rights. Following a series of meetings at UNECA headquarters in Addis Ababa and WIPO headquarters in Geneva, the draft Agreement on the Establishment of Industrial Property Organizations in English-speaking African Countries was formed.

The main purpose of ARIPO is to integrate the resources of member countries in industrial property rights to avoid duplication of human and financial resources. Therefore, the preamble to the Lusaka Agreement clearly states that member States areaware of the benefits of effective and sustained exchange of information and coordination and collaboration in industrial property laws and activities . Member States also recognized thatthe creation of the African Regional Industrial Property Organization for research, enhancement and cooperation in industrial property rights would best be achieved .

There are 16 member states of WIPO in Africa, including Botswana, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. However, there are currently nine countries that can apply for trademarks through ARIPO, including Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe and Liberia. If a trademark application is rejected in a designated country, the trademark can still be registered in other countries that have not been rejected.

The headquarters of WIPO in Africa is located in Harare, the capital of Zimbabwe. Adopted the Niss classification as amended on 15 June 1957.

2. Review

After receiving the registration application, the official first review the form of the application. If the application form of trademark registration does not meet the requirements, the examiner will notify the applicant of the deadline correction. If the applicant cannot complete the deadline correction, the application will be regarded as not submitted. After the formal review, ARIPO headquarters will send the registration application to the designated country, and require the country to review the application within the deadline and communicate the results to ARIPO headquarters. The designated countrys trademark review results are positive, or the designated country cannot give the review results within the time limit prescribed by ARIPO headquarters. The trademark will be regarded as legitimate and registered and announced in the official trademark bulletin. The designated national examiner can communicate with the applicant in writing within the 12-month review period stipulated by ARIPO headquarters. If the applicant receives the official notification of rejection, it is necessary to make a reply within the prescribed 3 months. The applicant may appeal to the Appeals Board on the grounds of the refusal of the examiner.

The trademark registration period is 10 years from the date of application, and the renewal period is 10 years. The applicant can submit a renewal application one year before the expiration of the trademark, and the extension period is 6 months. The non-use of registered trademarks for five consecutive years could lead to cancellation.

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